EMDR is an intervention that seeks to help an individual integrate painful experiences and memories that continue to cause distress and interfere with a sense of well-being. Originally developed by Francine Shapiro, Ph.D for traumatic injuries, EMDR uses back and forth (bilateral) eye movements guided by the therapist's fingers, small gently vibrating pads held in each hand, or tapping on the client's knees alternately to help the client access a narrative arc to their painful memories. Remarkably, this process enables the memory to lose it's "charge" and thereby liberate it's grip on the client's mind. I practice Attachment-Focused EMDR, developed by Laurel Parnell, Ph.D. which is oriented towards repairing attachment injuries from earlier relationships. AF-EMDR uses both the bilateral stimulation as well as talk therapy to help integrate the information from the EMDR sessions. AF-EMDR accelerates the therapeutic process so that identified goals can be clearly reached.